Which of the following is a use of electoral politics by an influence group Quizlet

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    15th amendment (slaves right to vote) - C

    1957 Civil Rights Act (addresses discrimination in voting) - L

    24th amendment (outlawed poll taxes)- C

    19th amendment (allowed women to vote) - C

    23rd amendment (gives residents of Washington DC the right to vote for representatives in the Electoral College) - C

    26th amendment (states cant deny people older than 18 from voting) - C

    Recommended textbook solutions

    American Government

    1st EditionGlen Krutz

    412 solutions

    Politics in States and Communities

    15th EditionSusan A. MacManus, Thomas R. Dye

    177 solutions

    Politics in States and Communities

    15th EditionSusan A. MacManus, Thomas R. Dye

    177 solutions

    Government in America: Elections and Updates Edition

    16th EditionGeorge C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry

    269 solutions

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    1. Social Science
    2. Political Science

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    Terms in this set (47)

    describe the voting protection in constitution and in legislation

    15th amendment (slaves right to vote) -c
    1957 civil right act (addresses discrimination in voting)- l
    24th amendment (outlawed poll taxes)- c

    1A. describe structural barriers to voting

    ...

    2. describe the models of voting behavior

    rational- choice voting: voter has examined an issue or candidate
    retrospective voting: looking at a candidates track record from the past
    prospective voting: look at the candidate based on what they say they will do

    2A. describe and be able to identify the 4 models explaing voting behavior

    ...

    3. explain the roles that individual choice and state laws in voter turnout

    state laws can affect voter turnout , some state laws create structural barriers that make it more difficult to vote (for example, requiring voters to preset state id) and others try to make it early such as (allowing early voting or election day registration)

    3a. describe voting efficacy v, voting apathy

    ...

    3b. identify characteristics that have a positive effect on voter turnout

    ...

    4. describe linkage institutions

    structure within a society that connects the people to the government or centralized authority these institutions include: elections, political parties, interest groups and the media

    4a. define linkage institutions

    ...

    5. explain the function and impact of political parties on the electoral and government

    ▶Mobilization and education of voters.
    ▶Party platforms
    ▶Candidate recruitment.
    ▶Campaign management, including fundraising and media strategy.
    ▶The committee and party leadership systems in legislatures.

    5a. describe different ways that political parties fulfill their function as a linkage institution

    ...

    5b. between political parties and interest groups

    ...

    6. why and how political parties adapt and change

    Parties use communication technology and voter-data management to disseminate, control, and clarify political messages and enhance outreach and mobilization efforts.
    Parties have adapted to candidate-centered campaigns, and their role in nominating candidates has been weakened.

    6a. identify how political parties use communication technology and voter data management

    ...

    7. explain how structural barriers impact the third party and independent candidate success

    a: In comparison to proportional systems, winner-take-all voting districts serve as a structural barrier to third-party and independent candidate success.
    b:The incorporation of third-party agendas into platforms of major political parties serves as a barrier to third-party and independent candidate success.

    7a. explain how third parties affect campaigns and election results

    ...

    8. explain the benefits and potential problems of interest- group influence no elections and policy making

    a: Interest groups may represent very specific or more general interests, and can educate voters and office holders, draft legislation, and mobilize membership to apply pressure on and work with legislators and government agencies
    B: Different types of political action committees (PACs) influence elections and policy making through fundraising and spending.

    8a. define interest group and be able to explain where interest groups come from

    ...

    8b. define free rider problem

    The problem faced by unions and other groups when people do not join because they can benefit from the group's activities without officially joining. The bigger the group, the more serious the problem.

    8c. define selective benefits of interest groups

    ...

    8d. explain Iron Triangle and what are the goals of the three element

    The three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests.

    9. explain variation in types and resources of interest groups affects their ability to influence elections and policy making

    There are many competing interest groups, but all seek to influence public policy in favor of the needs of their constituents. This can be done by constructing Iron Triangles.

    9a. explain pluralism, elitism, and hyper pluralism regarding interest groups

    ...

    10. explain how various political actors influence public policy outcomes

    a: Single-issue groups, ideological/social movements, and protest movements form with the goal of impacting society and policy making.

    b: Competing actors such as interest groups, professional organizations, social movements, the military, and bureaucratic agencies influence policy making, such as the federal budget process, at key stages and to varying degrees.

    10b. Describe the 4 strategies used by interest groups to shape policy.

    ...

    11. Explain how the different processes work in a US Presidential Election.

    The process and outcomes in U.S. federal elections are impacted by:
    ▶ Open and closed primaries
    ▶ Caucuses
    ▶ Party conventions
    ▶ General (presidential and mid-term) election
    ▶ The Electoral College

    11a. Identify the steps in organizing a campaign.

    ...

    12. Explain how the Electoral College facilitates and/or impedes democracy.

    The "winner-takes-all" allocation of most electors in the Electoral College also means that voters in "safe states"--those that have consistently voted for the same party.

    12a. Explain the positive and negative effects of the electoral college.

    ...

    12b. How does the existence of the electoral college affect presidential campaign strategy?

    ...

    13. Explain how the different processes work in US congressional elections.

    The "winner-takes-all" allocation of most electors in the Electoral College also means that voters in "safe states"--those that have consistently voted for the same party.

    13a. Define and be able to differentiate between open primary and closed primary.

    ...

    14.Explain how campaign organization and strategies affect the election process.

    Caucus - a meeting in a voting precinct at which party members choose nominees for political office
    Closed primary - a primary election limited to registered members of a political party
    General election - an election that decides which candidate will fill an elective office

    14a. Identify some drawbacks in the American system of campaigns and elections.

    ...

    14b. Define and be able to differentiate between the following:
    PAC -

    Super PAC -

    527 organization -

    ...

    14c. How might PACs maximize their political influence?

    ...

    15. Explain how the organization, finance, and strategies of national political campaigns affect the election process.

    The benefits and drawbacks of modern campaigns are represented by:
    ▶ Dependence on professional consultants
    ▶ Rising campaign costs and intensive fundraising efforts
    ▶ Duration of election cycles
    ▶ Impact of and reliance on social media for campaign communication and fundraising

    15a. Define and be able to differentiate between the following:
    Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act -
    Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission -

    ...

    16. Explain the media's role as a linkage institution.

    b: Debates have increased over free speech and competitive and fair elections related to money and campaign funding (including contributions from individuals, PACs and political parties).

    16a. Describe modern media coverage of elections.

    ...

    16b. Explain the effects of that coverage.

    ...

    17. Explain how increasingly diverse choices of media and communications outlets influence political institutions and behavior.

    -The nature of democratic debate and the level of political knowledge among citizens is impacted by:
    ▶ Increased media choices
    ▶ Ideologically oriented programming
    Consumer-driven media outlets and emerging technologies that reinforce existing beliefs
    ▶ Uncertainty over the credibility of news sources and information

    trial balloons

    Intentional news leaks for the purpose of assessing the political reaction.

    Sound bite

    a brief, memorable comment that can easily be fit into news broadcasts

    Consumer-driven media

    ...

    Narrowcasting

    targeting media programming at specific populations within society

    Investigative journalism

    the use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, at times putting reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders

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